Outdoor Recreation and COVID-19


The following is guidance that all businesses, organizations, and operators must follow. Additional guidance may apply based on the sector.

  1. Stay home if sick. Organizations must have policies in place to remind employees to stay home if they have signs and symptoms of COVID-19. No symptomatic or COVID-19 positive workers are allowed on site. Unvaccinated employees who have not had COVID-19 in the past 90 days and have had close contact for more than 15 minutes with any person who is diagnosed with COVID-19 are required to quarantine for 14 days or for 7 days prior to obtaining a COVID-19 test. See the Department of Health’s guidance for more information on work place exposures.
  2. Wear a mask. The State of Vermont currently has a mask mandate in place. All employees must wear face coverings over their nose and mouth when in the presence of others. In the case of retail cashiers, a translucent shield or “sneeze guard” is acceptable in lieu of a mask if the employee works alone and does not interact with customers outside the workstation. Businesses, non-profit and government entities may decline service to individuals who are not wearing a mask. This includes refusing service to those who are exempt from the mask mandate, however, the business shall provide an alternate way for those unable to wear a mask to access the business, such as offering curbside pick-up, delivery, or other innovative solutions.
  3. Ensure six-foot spaces and uncrowded places. Employees must observe strict social distancing of 6 feet while on the job. Businesses and non-profit or government entities must ensure customers observe strict social distancing of 6 feet while on location, to the extent possible. Employers are encouraged to use their best efforts to accommodate those workers who may have childcare needs which cannot be met due to the closure of schools or childcare facilities for reasons relating to COVID-19.
  4. Practice good hygiene. Employees must have easy and frequent access to soap and water or hand sanitizer during the duration of work, and handwashing or hand sanitization is required frequently including before entering, and leaving, job sites. All common spaces (when open) and equipment, including bathrooms, frequently touched surfaces and doors, tools and equipment, and vehicles must be cleaned regularly and, when possible, prior to transfer from one person to another, in accordance with CDC guidance.
  5. Think before you travel. Follow the state’s travel guidance and educate your employees and customers about the state’s policies. Guests of lodging, campgrounds and other accommodations must complete a Certificate of Compliance.

The Universal Guidance listed here serves as a baseline. Any business, organization, or operator is free to take additional safety precautions for the health and safety of its employees and consumers.


Vermonters are encouraged to participate in no contact outdoor recreation and fitness activities.

  • Outdoor recreation and fitness activities include, but are not limited to biking, hiking, walking, running, hunting and fishing, skiing, skating, snow machining and other outdoor activities.
  • Anyone participating in outdoor recreation and fitness activities must wear a cloth face covering.
  • All participants are expected to consistently maintain at least six feet of physical distance from anyone outside their immediate household.
  • Plan outdoor activities responsibly and do not take unnecessary risks.
  • Winter conditions can change quickly; be prepared for a backcountry emergency by carrying enough gear and extra warm clothing to be self-sufficient for an extended period of time.
  • Promote an “arrive, participate, and leave” mentality; do not gather at trailheads, access areas or other outdoor facilities before or after recreation and fitness activities.

Nothing in these guidelines should be interpreted to override the need to observe requirements for use of trails or property, including that users obtain appropriate permission from private landowners where required and the expectation that, where needed, users will check with state or local land managers regarding conditions that remain in effect.

Travel and Non-Vermont Residents: 

For more information about health and safety precautions, please visit https://www.healthvermont.gov/response/coronavirus-covid-19

The Vermont Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation will continue to refine general outdoor recreation guidance, and work with ACCD as well as our statewide recreation and conservation partners for sector-specific guidance for activities such as swimming, paddling, mountain biking, and backcountry/primitive camping. Check back often for updates and contact Jessica Savage at jessica.savage@vermont.gov with any questions.

Vermonters and visitors who meet the guidelines who are participating in outdoor activities should follow these guidelines:  

Please only drive with members of your household. 

Find out Where to Safely Recreate: Many outdoor recreation facilities are operating, but at a limited capacity. Call ahead or check websites for more information before you head out. You can find information on local spots on http://www.Trailfinder.infohttps://vtfishandwildlife.com/ or the landowner or recreation organization’s specific website. Be sure to check trail organization websites for detailed information on the use of their trail networks and additional requirements to ensure a safe experience for all users.

Respect Trail Closures: Some trails may be closed. Please consult www.Trailfinder.info prior to heading out.

Minimize Risk to Others: Go out only if you’re healthy, have not been exposed to someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, and/or have not recently traveled from a location with a CDC-issued travel advisory.

Do Not Engage in Contact Sports: For example, outdoor basketball courts may be open to shoot hoops, but signage should be posted prohibiting contact games. Do not share sports equipment with people outside of your household.

Engage in Low-Risk Activities: Now is not the time to try something extreme and end up in the hospital, taxing our health care system. In addition, Search and Rescue personnel must don all PPE and sanitize all rescue equipment, which is time-consuming and, given their need for close proximity and contact with rescue subjects, it is also dangerous for them.

Practice Good Hygiene: Wash hands often with soap and warm water for 20 seconds. If those aren’t available, use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. Avoid surfaces that are touched often, such as doorknobs, handrails, and playground equipment.

Try Not to Touch Anything: The coronavirus can survive on objects for several days, and that applies to commonly touched outdoors surfaces like railings, fences, signs and trash cans. Public restrooms that are still open (many are currently closed), may only be as clean as the last person who used them. Use the bathroom before you go out, and always make a habit of washing your hands when you return home.

Wear a Cloth Mask or Face Covering: Any time you know others may be present, you should have your mask on, even while running or biking. Keeping it at the ready is ok if you can quickly and safely pull it up over your nose and mouth, doing this well before you come within six feet of others. Although disinfecting your hands after touching the mask is advised, wearing a face covering is intended to protect others.

Observe CDC’s Recommended Social Distancing of Six Feet from Other People (and then some!) When you’re exerting yourself, your breath and associated droplets can travel farther than six feet: stay out of other people’s “contrails” and give each other as much space as possible (wearing a cloth mask is a best practice at least when approaching and passing people).

Practice six feet of spacing and know what it looks like. Keep it as you walk, bike, or hike. It may be hard to estimate six feet in your mind, but a few common objects might help. An average bicycle is just a little less than six feet long. Most kayaks are 10 feet long, so if you imagine yourself kayaking around a park, you have about five feet to the front of your boat. Many standard fishing rods are at least six feet long.

Please Leash Your Dog! They are members of your household and need to keep their social distance as well (most standard leashes are 6 feet in length).

Know Proper Trailhead and Trail Use Etiquette:

  • Know where and when to go: it’s best if we don’t all go to the most popular trailheads at the most popular times of day. Early morning or evening tends to be less crowded. Dispersal is key! You can plan your trip on www.trailfinder.info. If you arrive at a parking lot and it is full, find another trail.
  • Slow down, step back, and let people know when you’re approaching: Awareness and consideration are key. Everyone should yield to everyone right now and making some noise as you approach is recommended. A friendly “Hello!” followed by a pause to figure out your next move is the best tactic. If you find yourself coming up behind a slower walker, and there’s not six feet to pass safely, slow down instead. If somebody is getting too close to you, step back to allow enough space.
  • Step off the trail when needed: If the trail isn’t wide enough to allow for six feet in passing, step off the trail at a 90-degree angle, being careful not to tread on plants if at all possible. Once you’re six feet off, wait for the approaching group to clear the area before retracing your footsteps. If you’re a mountain biker, lay your bike down by the side of the trail first. By whatever means you may be moving on the trail, don’t cut a new trail parallel to the existing track.
  • Keep single file (even on wide trails): Keep your group single file (this may mean you have to hike more slowly than you want to): do not spread out all over the trail. When you let someone pass, step off to the side and stay put — don’t walk or ride alongside the path. The same goes for when you encounter ice or mud in the trail — stay on the trail and go right through it!
  • Don’t stand across the trail to chat: it is great to see friends and acquaintances (who’s that behind the awesome plaid cloth mask?) but stopping on either side of the trail to chat just creates a breath “gauntlet” that others must either pass through or go off-trail to avoid.
  • Embrace an arrive, play, and leave mentality: Do not gather in groups before or after activities.  
  • Hiking with Children: If you are hiking with children, set expectations before getting out of the car. Remind them not to run up to people or dogs, and to cough and sneeze into their elbows while turned away from people. Children older than 2 years in age can and should be encouraged to use cloth masks or face coverings. Remind your kids often of the new rules; they will need lots of kind and consistent reminders of what this new behavior needs to look like — be sure that you are modeling it!

Remember: If you can’t maintain social distance, just don’t go at all!

Access State Lands: Currently, state lands (State Parks, Forests, Fish & Wildlife Access Areas, and Wildlife Management Areas) remain open and accessible to the public for outdoor recreation, although most facilities like restrooms are currently closed and not being staffed or sanitized. Some roads and trails are gated this time of year and closed to all but foot traffic.  The Long Trail System on state lands is currently closed.  Visit Green Mountain Club for more information and updates.  Other trail closures may be necessary in the future.  Please check www.Trailfinder.info often for updates.

Explore More Recreation Opportunities: You can keep up to date on fishing and hunting opportunities through the Vermont Fish and Wildlife website or Facebook page, and you can purchase hunting or fishing licenses online. You can also join the Vermont State Parks Venture Vermont Outdoor Challenge, which provides additional ideas for outdoor activities and is a great way for kids to learn about their environment.

Primitive Camping: Primitive (self-contained) camping is allowed, but guidelines must be followed: https://fpr.vermont.gov/primitive-camping

Keep Up-to-Date on Vermont State Parks: State Parks are not staffed at this time of year and all restrooms are closed. You can still visit the parks but may have to park outside of the gate. Check the website https://vtstateparks.blogspot.com/2020/03/vermont-state-parks-covid-19-updates.html for regular updates.

Support Local Businesses and Organizations: If you need equipment or services related to outdoor recreation activities, please consider contacting your local outdoor store. Many Vermont retailers are again able to offer services like curbside pickup, local delivery, or online ordering. If you’re able to, please also consider making a donation to the organization that manages your favorite trail or recreation destination.​

For more info on COVID-19 and related guidelines, visit: https://www.healthvermont.gov/response/infectious-disease/2019-novel-coronavirus

Jessica Savage
Recreation Program Manager
1 National Life Drive, Davis 2
Montpelier, VT 05620-3801